Colombian drug lord-Pablo Escobar

Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria (December 1, 1949 – December 2, 1993) was a Colombian drug lord. Escobar gained world infamy from the drug trade and in 1989 Forbes magazine that listed him as the seventh richest man in the world.

Escobar studied political science at the Universidad de Antioquia, but he was forced to drop out when he couldn’t afford to pay the necessary fees. According to his brother Roberto Escobar’s book, “the Accountant’s Story”, before entering the cocaine trade, Escobar ran a business selling and reusing old tombstones from long forgotten graves. He brought the tombstones to his uncle’s shop to be cleaned and used again. Escobar later discovered that he could make a lot more money smuggling cocaine, and developed brilliant new, more effective methods. He slowly built a large organization through buying people’s loyalty, and fear.

In 1982, Escobar was elected as a deputy/alternate representative to the Chamber of Representatives of Colombia’s Congress, as part of the Colombian Liberal Party.

In March 1976 at the age of 26, Escobar married Maria Victoria when she was 15 years old. Together they had two children: Juan Pablo and Manuela. Escobar was known to have affairs through out his life, with a penchant for girls aged between 14-16 years old who would often visit his ranches and even the secure prison ‘La Catedral’. Pablo Escobar created and lived in a luxurious estate called Hacienda Napoles (Spanish for Naples Ranch) and had planned to construct a Greek-style citadel near it. Construction of the citadel was started but was never finished. The ranch, the zoo and the citadel were expropriated by the government and given to low-income families in the 1990s under a law called domain extinction. The property has been converted to a theme park.

The war against Escobar ended on December 2, 1993, as he tried to elude the Search Bloc one more time. Using radio triangulation technology provided as part of the United States efforts, a Colombian electronic surveillance team found him hiding in a middle-class barrio in Medellín.

On 28 October 2006, Escobar’s body was exhumed by request of his nephew Nicolás Escobar, two days after the death of mother Hermilda Gaviria (who opposed exhumation) to verify that the body in the tomb was in fact that of Escobar and also to collect DNA for a paternity test claim. According to the report by the El Tiempo newspaper, Escobar’s ex-wife Maria Victoria was present recording the exhumation with a video camera. Some of the family members believe that Escobar could have committed suicide.